Fabric is a pliable, plane like structure that can be made into two- or three-dimensional products that require some shaping and flexibility. Woven Fabrics Quality is used in apparel, furnishings, and many industrial products. The chapters in this section focus on methods used to produce fabrics and on identification of many fabrics by their current standard name and fabrication method. Not all fabrics will be discussed for each process. Many fabrics have specialized applications; others are no longer popular due to changes in fashion or lifestyles. Some fabrics are no longer commercially available due to changes in consumer expectations, lifestyle, or production cost. Some remain important, but their names have changed.
Why the Impotent Woven Fabrics Quality
The fabric-forming process or fabrication method contributes to fabric appearance, texture, suitability for end use,performance, and cost. The process may determine the name of the fabric, like felt, lace, double-knit, and tricot. The cost in relation to fabrication process depends on the number of steps involved and the speed of production.The fewer steps are the faster the process, the cheaper the fabric. Changes in fabrication have increased automation, improved quality, improved response to consumer demand, and made production more flexible so that a firm can produce variety of fabrics with the equipment available.
Textile producers describe the shortest length of fabric they will produce to sell to another firm as the minimum yardage. Firms specialize in high-quality fabrics, special fabric types, or high-volume basic fabrics. Minimum yardage depends on the firm and its area of specialization.For example, 5000 yards may be the minimum order for a basic fabric in a basic color, but 200 yards may be the minimum from a specialty-fabric producer.
Fabrics can be made from a wide variety of starting materials: solutions (films and foams), fibers (felts and fiber webs governors), and yarns (braids, knits, laces, and woven’s), and fabrics(composite fabrics combining solutions, fibers, yarns, or fabrics to produce fabric). The first three chapters of this section focus on fabrics made from yarns: woven and knitted fabrics. The final chapter focuses on all the other processes. Fabric names discussed in these chapters were selected because they’re basic, commonly used fabrics. Many more named fabrics exist and can be found in the market.
Determining the starting material used to make a fabric is the first step in identifying the fabric. This chart references some charts in this and other chapters that will help in identifying and naming a fabric.
Woven Fabrics Quality is important to textile producers, designers, retailers, and consumers because it describes many characteristics: freedom from defects, uniform structure and appearance, and performance during production and in consumers’ hands. Woven Fabrics Quality influences product cost, suitability for a target market, aesthetic characteristics, and consumer appeal and satisfaction. Assessment of quality can be made by inspecting or examining fabric with the eyes or an instrument to identify visible irregularities, defects, or flaws. Computer-aided fabric evaluation(CAFE) systems speed this process and increase the accuracy of fabric inspection. Defects are assigned a point value based on their length or size. Woven Fabrics Quality is graded by totaling the defect points of a piece of fabric.Production firms have developed lists or examples of defects or flaws and guidelines for fabric grading. Manufacturers of cut and sewn products determine the quality level suitable for their product line and target market and purchase fabric accordingly.
A second means of determining fabric quality assesses fabric performance. Standard test methods have been developed by several professional organizations to aid in performance assessment so that fabric evaluation is consistent. Standard fabric performance tests assess abrasion resistance, strength, wrinkle resistance, shrinkage during laundering or dry cleaning, colorfastness to light or perspiration, snag resistance,flammability, water repellent, consistency of color throughout a length of fabric, soil resistance, and many other characteristics. Fewer manufacturers assess fabric quality from a performance perspective than from a visual examination. Unfortunately, many consumer problems with textile products stem from minimal performance evaluation by manufacturers.
With the exception of triaxial fabrics, all woven fabrics are made with two or more sets of yarns interlaced at right angles.Sometimes these fabrics are referred to as bi axial. They have two basic components: warp yarns and filling yarns. The yarns running in the lengthwise direction are called warp yarns or ends, and the yarns running crosswise are called filling yarns, weft, or picks. The right-angle position of the warp to filling yarns produces more fabric firmness and rigidity than yarn arrangement sin knits, braids, or laces. Because of this structure, yarns can be raveled from adjacent sides. Woven fabrics vary in the ways the yarns interlace, the pattern formed by this interlacing, the number of yarns per inch, and the ratio of warp to filling yarns.
Woven fabrics are widely used, and weaving is one of the oldest and most widely used methods of making fabric. Some fabric names are based on an earlier end use hop sacking used in bags for collecting hops;tobacco cloth as shade for tobacco plants.